The French Defence1.e2-e4 e7-e6
With his first move Black prepares the advance … d7-d5, so as to attack the white pawn on e4. The disadvantage of the move is that the bishop on c8 is temporarily shut in and it concedes slightly more space in the centre to White. For that reason the French is considered slightly passive, but it gives Black good counter-chances. This opening is very popular at amateur level since the plans have a clear structure.
The name comes from a match between teams from London and Paris in 1834. The French opened in this way with Black and won the game.
Mit Weiss gegen Französisch
In the following diagrams you can return to the starting position with and from there you can go backwards and forwards through the opening moves with the arrow keys and
Subsequently click on the name of the opening in order to get more detailed information.